East Reservoir Timber Sale on Kootenai National Forest in Montana Halted by Injunction

At left is the project map from the Forest Service for the East Reservoir timber sale on the Kootenai National Forest. At right is a satellite image of the project area, showing the extent of past clearcuts and logging. The Forest Service is proposing to log 8,800 acres with this project, including about 3,600 acres of clearcuts. Nearly 8,000 logging trucks would be required to haul out the trees. According to a Notice of Intent filed by the Alliance for the Wild Rockies, the project area is home to bull trout, white sturgeon, Canada lynx and grizzly bears, among other wildlife species.
At left is the project map from the Forest Service for the East Reservoir timber sale on the Kootenai National Forest. At right is a satellite image of the project area, showing the extent of past clearcuts and logging. The Forest Service is proposing to log 8,845 acres with this project, including 3,458 acres of clearcuts. Nearly 8,000 logging trucks would be required to haul out the trees. The project area is home to bull trout, Canada lynx and grizzly bears, among other fish and wildlife species.

Regular readers of this blog will recall the numerous posts, comments and discussions concerning the East Reservoir timber sale on the Kootenai National Forest in Montana. Here’s a sampling of some those previous debates.

Well, earlier today, two federal judges at the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals (including one judge who was appointed by George W. Bush in 2003 and confirmed 99-0 by the GOP-controlled U.S. Senate in 2003) granted the Alliance for the Wild Rockies (AWR) an injunction pending appeal, which I’m told by lawyers-in-the-know, really just doesn’t happen anymore. Here’s a copy of the injunction.

It’s also worth pointing out that back in January, a coalition of 16 environmental groups from around the country – as well as 12 citizens – filed an amici brief in support of the AWR’s lawsuit. You can read that here.

There was also an amici brief filed in support of the U.S. Forest Service and the timber sale by the Montana Wilderness Association and some other collaborators. Incredibly, to me anyway, is the fact that the Montana Wilderness Association was represented in court by the timber industry’s American Forest Resource Council, an outfit that went to great lengths to sue (and sue some more) to try and prevent implementation of the Roadless Area Conservation Rule.

What follows is today’s press release from AWR.

The Alliance for the Wild Rockies announced today that the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals has granted its request for an injunction halting a massive clearcut and logging project affecting tens of thousands of acres of national forest and five major tributaries to the Kootenai River and Lake Koocanusa.

A lawsuit was filed by the Alliance for the Wild Rockies in federal court in May 2015 challenging the U.S. Forest Service’s decision to authorize a large logging, burning, and road-building project in habitat for threatened lynx, bull trout, and grizzly bears in the Kootenai National Forest in northwest Montana. Federal District Court Judge Christensen ruled the logging could go forward in July and the Alliance immediately appealed resulting in the injunction today to halt the project based on the Court’s finding that the Alliance is likely to succeed on the merits of its appeal.

“The Forest Service’s plans to clearcut lynx critical habitat were in direct violation of a binding Ninth Circuit precedent on this issue, so we are pleased but not surprised that the appellate court stopped this massive timber sale,” said Garrity.

“The East Reservoir Project area is huge,” Garrity continued. “But there are already over 22,000 acres of clearcuts within its boundaries. Add to that the 8,845 acres of proposed commercial logging, of which 3,458 acres will be new clearcuts, and the additional impacts to this already heavily-logged area are simply unacceptable.

“Additionally, the timber sale is a huge money-loser which, by the Forest Service’s own estimate, will cost taxpayers $2,589,535 to subsidize further degradation of an already-degraded landscape,” Garrity explained. “Much of that cost will be to rebuild and maintain an astounding 175 miles of logging roads, construct nine miles of new permanent logging roads, allow an additional 13 miles of illegal, user-created roads to be added to the legal road system, and open nine miles of previously closed motorized trails. When all the existing science shows more roads directly lead to more grizzly bear deaths and more sedimentation of bull trout spawning streams this project simply ignored the legal mandate for the Forest Service to maintain existing species of fish and wildlife when conducting timber sales.”

“That the Forest Service could possibly even consider such a massive logging project in an area in which only one percent of the remaining old growth exists in small, isolated stands defies law and logic,” Garrity continued. “For old-growth dependent wildlife such as lynx, this project is basically a death sentence to a species that is already in severe decline due to road-building and logging. That the Forest Service allows this timber sale to log federally-designated lynx critical habitat isn’t just sloppy work, it’s inexcusable and illegal.”

Garrity said his group has been involved with the project since it was first proposed and throughout the planning and Environmental Impact Statement processes. “The Alliance raised all the objections long before notifying the Forest Service and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service that it planned to take the agencies to court to halt the project,” Garrity continued. “Our point was simple: The agencies had to change the project to comply with federal laws including the National Environmental Policy Act, the Endangered Species Act, the National Forest Management Act, and the Administrative Policy Act.”

“As most Montanans know, there is incredible political pressure to ‘get out the cut’ on National Forests,” Garrity explained. “But the bottom line is that federal laws require retention of functioning ecosystems and maintaining the diverse wildlife and fisheries that rely on healthy forests – not just treating our publicly-owned forests as commercial logging lots to benefit a single industry’s profit margin. In this instance, the agencies have simply side-stepped those requirements, as well as the Endangered Species Act, by judging their own actions to have ‘no adverse impacts’ despite the massive scale of this project in bull trout, grizzly bear, and lynx habitat, all of which are threatened species.”

“What’s astounding is that so-called conservation groups are among those who intervened in the lawsuit to support these massive new clearcuts and were represented by none other than the industry’s American Forest Resource Council” Garrity said. “Montanans should know that the Montana Wilderness Association, the Yaak Valley Forest Council, Lincoln County, The Lands Council, Troy Snowmobile Club, Cabinet Resource Group, F.H. Stoltze Land and Lumber Company, Idaho Forest Group, and the Troy School District all think logging is more important than restoring this already over-logged area and recovering the lynx, grizzly bears, and bull trout as required by the Endangered Species Act.”

“The Alliance for the Wild Rockies exists as a watchdog organization that concentrates on activities occurring on our National Forests, which are owned by all Americans and exist not simply to supply local timber mills, Garrity concluded. “When faced with federal agencies literally exempting themselves from the law with the blessing of collaborator groups, we have no recourse but to challenge those decisions in federal court. That is exactly what we did on the East Reservoir Project to protect our irreplaceable forests and wildlife resources for present and future generations.”

7 thoughts on “East Reservoir Timber Sale on Kootenai National Forest in Montana Halted by Injunction”

  1. So there goes another year, waiting for the courts decision, and maybe years of effort. Same old story. It is almost impossible for any active forest management to take place if the environmental groups decide otherwise. (Look at the state of Oregon, having to sell the Elliot State forest because of lawsuits by Cascadian Wildlands.)
    I see the area is home to many endangered species? Even with all the logging that has taken place in the past? Does that says something about be able to harvest trees and have wildlife habitat too?
    I wonder what all those clearcuts were really going to look like? Maybe gaps created to enhance wildlife?
    I have found the FS to be very through and cautious to the extreme. I am surprised the courts ordered an injunction.

  2. I agree with Bob but, as an outsider looking at the area, the FS sure cut the heck out of the area. Looks like most of the favorable areas for timber harvest have been taken. Without more study, I cannot tell if the clearcuts have regenerated fully but it looks like they have. How tall are the trees in the clearcuts? Again, to me it looks like a decade of wait would not be out of the question. Why the large negative numbers for this (these) sales?

  3. You are right Larry. It looks like a good distribution of age classes with trees over 10′ tall in many cases. Thought you can see where the cutting took place (old clearcut) they should not be considered clearcuts now. Interesting topic. Some Forest Plans have clearcuts regenerated when trees are about 12′ tall or in some cases, 5-10′ feet above the average winter snowdepth.

  4. When is an opening no longer an opening? Interesting question that is related to the allowable size of openings, and that under the 1982 planning regulations was a question that forest plans were supposed to answer. Those regulations also used to say that, “as a minimum, openings in forest stands are not longer considered openings once a new forest is established.” They continued, “Forest plans may set forth variations to this minimum based on site-specific requirements for achieving multiple-use objectives.” Regional guidance was expected regarding “watershed, wildlife habitat, scenery or other resource protection needs or other factors.”

    The Kootenai Forest Plan was revised using these regulations. Their plan says nothing about when an opening is no longer an opening, so maybe a court will get to decide. The glossary does define “openings” as “areas of vegetation that do not provide cover.” The glossary does not define “cover.”

    The 2012 Planning Rule is also silent on this question. It would be a good question to ask during the planning process for revising plans.

    • Here is a view of a project I worked on, back in 2000. It is part of a group of plantations from the 70’s-era Pilliken Burn, on the Eldorado NF. In 2000, the plantations were thinned, and you really cannot even tell, in this image. I’m surprised to see that a portion was recently thinned… again!


      Some will still consider this to be a ‘plantation’, as well as a symbol of ‘monoculture’ mayhem. One fact is that it was replanted back in the 70’s, when that was very common but, with this area being dominantly south-facing, ponderosa pine was the best choice. It sure looks like all that ‘active management’ has been quite good for the land, rather then being a huge field of manzanita and ceanothus.


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